We evaluate the van der Waals ({vdW}) interaction energy at zero temperature between two undoped strained graphene layers separated by a finite distance. We consider the following three models for the anisotropic case: (a) where one of the two layers is uniaxially strained, (b) the two layers are strained in the same direction, and (c) one of the layers is strained in the perpendicular direction with respect to the other. We find that for all three models and given value of the electron-electron interaction coupling, the {vdW} interaction energy increases with increasing anisotropy. The effect is most striking for the case when both layers are strained in the same direction where we observe up to an order of magnitude increase in the strained relative to the unstrained case. We also investigate the effect of electron-electron interaction renormalization in the region of large separation between the strained graphene layers. We find that the many-body renormalization contributions to the correlation energy are non-negligible and the {vdW} interaction energy decreases as a function of increasing distance between the layers due to renormalization of the Fermi velocity, the anisotropy, and the effective interaction. Our analysis can be useful in designing graphene-based {vdW} heterostructures which, in recent times, has seen an upsurge in research activity.

}, doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.89.235425}, url = {http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevB.89.235425}, author = {Sharma, Anand and Harnish, Peter and Sylvester, Alexander and Kotov, Valeri N. and Neto, A. H. Castro} }