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Excitonic mass gap in uniaxially strained graphene

TitleExcitonic mass gap in uniaxially strained graphene
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSharma, Anand, Kotov Valeri N., and Neto Antonio H. Castro
JournalPhys. Rev. B
Date Published06/2017
Keywordsanisotropy, dirac fermions, magnetic-field, semimetals, spectroscopy, symmetry-breaking, topological insulators

We study the conditions for spontaneously generating an excitonic mass gap due to Coulomb interactions between anisotropic Dirac fermions in uniaxially strained graphene. The mass gap equation is realized as a self-consistent solution for the self-energy within the Hartree-Fock mean-field and static random phase approximations. It depends not only on momentum, due to the long-range nature of the interaction, but also on the velocity anisotropy caused by the presence of uniaxial strain. We solve the nonlinear integral equation self-consistently by performing large scale numerical calculations on variable grid sizes. We evaluate the mass gap at the charge neutrality (Dirac) point as a function of the dimensionless coupling constant and anisotropy parameter. We also obtain the phase diagram of the critical coupling, at which the gap becomes finite, against velocity anisotropy. Our numerical study indicates that with an increase in uniaxial strain in graphene the strength of critical coupling decreases, which suggests anisotropy supports formation of excitonic mass gap in graphene.


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